Understanding the energy efficiency of the UK’s housing stock and forecasting how to meet national carbon reduction targets

The UK housing stock is amongst the least energy efficient in Europe. Subsequently, heating accounts for a substantial proportion of domestic energy consumption – and associated carbon emissions. Although UK Energy Efficiency market is mature, and there are many organisations active in installing heating and insulation measures to curb bills and increase thermal efficiency of homes. There are limited tools to assist with area based targeting  or for the monitoring and evaluation of an interventions success.

This both limits activities that aim to assist fuel poor and vulnerable households, but also the majority of other households who have homes lagging behind in terms of energy efficiency. Social justice remains a prescient issue, however as many countries begin to declare a climate emergency, an increasing area of focus for future energy policy within the UK will be on our entire pre-existing housing stock.

Data on the UK’s housing stock is incomplete at best and incorrect at worst which makes the market difficult and expensive to operate in. Understanding the housing stock as a whole, and being able to forecast the changes required, and the cost of these changes would make the route to net-zero clearer. This project will explore the linkages between multiple datasets and develop new data that can be utilised to have a real impact and deliver real change to the UK Housing Stock. This exciting project will aim to answer questions such as: How likely is the government to meet statutory targets for energy efficiency policies (e.g. minimum of Band C by December 2030 in fuel poor households)? What are the implications for different types of tenure (especially the private rented sector)? How might this differ across devolved nations?

Project reference:LV42

Deadline 14th April